I Chronicles 17


Modern day Messianic Judaism began to thrive during the turbulent social changes of the 1960s and 1970s. Young Jewish Christians wanted to practice discipleship to Yeshua while still maintaining their Jewish identity. It turned into a revolutionary movement that challenged many facets of institutional Christianity. For example, Messianic Judaism reopened the question of the Law and decided that, contrary to conventional theological assumptions, neither Yeshua nor his apostles intended believers to renounce the Torah of Moses. The Messianic Jewish movement does not merely look back to the past; it is prophetic in scope, looking towards the coming Messianic kingdom where Messiah will govern all of Israel according to the Torah in a restored Jerusalem. – Toby Janicki, God-Fearers

Today, it’s the Davidic Covenant… Pretty fitting, actually, for the day before Good Friday…

Now it came to pass, as David sat in his house, that David said to Nathan the prophet, Lo, I dwell in an house of cedars, but the ark of the covenant of the Lord remains under curtains. 2 Then Nathan said unto David, Do all that is in thine heart; for God is with thee. 3 And it came to pass the same night, that the word of God came to Nathan, saying, 4 Go and tell David my servant, Thus saith the Lord, Thou shalt not build me an house to dwell in: 5 For I have not dwelt in an house since the day that I brought up Israel unto this day; but have gone from tent to tent, and from one tabernacle to another.6 heresoever I have walked with all Israel, spake I a word to any of the judges of Israel, whom I commanded to feed my people, saying, Why have ye not built me an house of cedars? (I Chronicles 17:1-6 KJV).

The Hebrew marks the personal pronoun “you,” as emphatic—“You shall not build me a house to dwell in.”  The LORD means to remind David how surely and faithfully He had shared the pilgrim lot an unsettledness of His people.  The LORD had shared their lot—and had shared it unmurmuringly.

Now therefore thus shalt thou say unto my servant David, Thus saith the Lord of hosts, I took thee from the sheepcote, even from following the sheep, that thou should be ruler over my people Israel: 8 And I have been with thee whithersoever thou hast walked, and have cut off all thine enemies from before thee, and have made thee a name like the name of the great men that are in the earth. 9 Also I will ordain a place for my people Israel, and will plant them, and they shall dwell in their place, and shall be moved no more; neither shall the children of wickedness waste them anymore, as at the beginning, 10 And since the time that I commanded judges to be over my people Israel. Moreover I will subdue all thine enemies. Furthermore I tell thee that the Lord will build thee an house (I Chronicles 17:7-10 KJV).

The price of admission, so to speak, into this house, is trust in the “slain Lamb” by the route of humility. As well, David was a shepherd, and the Jesus Christ also would be a Shepherd (Heb 13:20).  This Covenant with Israel is unconditional in the sense that God will bring the Promises to pass without fail.  To come into the blessing of the Covenant, each must meets its conditions, which is Faith in Christ and Him Crucified.  The ultimate fulfillment of this Promise awaits the Second Coming of Jesus Christ.

For unto us a Child is born, unto us a Son is given; and the Government shall be upon His Shoulder; and His Name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, the Mighty God, the Everlasting Father, the Prince of Peace. Of the increase of His Government and peace there shall be no end, upon the throne of David, and upon His Kingdom, to order it, and to establish it with judgment and with justice from henceforth even forever.  The zeal of the LORD of Hosts will perform this (Isaiah 9:6-7 KJV).

For I would not, Brethren, that you should be ignorant of this mystery, lest you should be wise in your own conceits; that blindness in part is happened to Israel, until the fullness of the Gentiles be come in. And so all Israel shall be saved: as it is written, There shall come out of Sion the Deliverer, and shall turn away ungodliness from Jacob.  For this is My Covenant unto them, when I shall take away their sins.  As concerning the Gospel, they are enemies for your sakes, but as touching the election, they are beloved for the father’s sakes.  For the Gifts and Calling of God are without Repentance (Rom 11:25-29 KJV).

And it shall come to pass, when thy days be expired that thou must go to be with thy fathers, that I will raise up thy seed after thee, which shall be of thy sons; and I will establish his kingdom. 12 He shall build me an house, and I will stablish his throne forever. 13 I will be his father, and he shall be my son: and I will not take my mercy away from him, as I took it from him that was before thee: 14 But I will settle him in mine house and in my kingdom forever: and his throne shall be established for evermore (I Chronicles 17:11-14 KJV).

This has a double application, with Solomon being spoken of in the immediate present, but far more so in the Messiah Jesus Christ as the “Son of David.” The total fulfillment will be in Christ, Who will occupy this Throne in the coming Kingdom Age.

According to all these words, and according to all this vision, so did Nathan speak unto David. 16 And David the king came and sat before the Lord, and said, Who am I, O Lord God, and what is mine house, that thou hast brought me hitherto? 17 And yet this was a small thing in thine eyes, O God; for thou hast also spoken of thy servant’s house for a great while to come, and hast regarded me according to the estate of a man of high degree, O Lord God. 18 What can David speak more to thee for the honour of thy servant? for thou knows thy servant (I Chronicles 17:15-18 KJV).

David now knows fully and beyond the shadow of doubt that the Messiah will come through his lineage. Second Samuel 7:19, records David saying, “And is this the manner of man, O LORD God?”  He was referring to the Promise that the Seed of the woman—which is Israel—shall bruise the serpent’s head (Gen 3:15).  From David’s line the Messiah would come, bringing Salvation and reigning as the eternal King of the Earth.  David in no way could merit this great and high honor, even as no child of God can merit the high honor of Salvation.

O Lord, for thy servant’s sake, and according to thine own heart, hast thou done all this greatness, in making known all these great things. 20 O Lord, there is none like thee, neither is there any God beside thee, according to all that we have heard with our ears. 21 And what one nation in the earth is like thy people Israel, whom God went to redeem to be his own people, to make thee a name of greatness and terribleness, by driving out nations from before thy people whom thou hast redeemed out of Egypt? 22 For thy people Israel didst thou make thine own people for ever; and thou, Lord, became their God (I Chronicles 17:19-22 KJV).

David, in his usual exuberant fashion, exclaims the Glory of God! The wonder and majesty of God and His Plan of Salvation was so much more wonderful than he had first thought!  He wanted to build a house for the LORD—instead, the LORD tells David that he will build him a house, that will be eternal.  No fake, sensual pagan gods—which were really only the figments of man’s carnal imagination—could compare to this!

Therefore now, Lord, let the thing that thou hast spoken concerning thy servant and concerning his house be established forever, and do as thou hast said. 24 Let it even be established, that thy name may be magnified forever, saying, The Lord of hosts is the God of Israel, even a God to Israel: and let the house of David thy servant be established before thee. 25 For thou, O my God, hast told thy servant that thou wilt build him an house: therefore thy servant hath found in his heart to pray before thee. 26 And now, Lord, thou art God, and hast promised this goodness unto thy servant: 27 Now therefore let it please thee to bless the house of thy servant, that it may be before thee forever: for thou blesses, O Lord, and it shall be blessed forever (I Chronicles 17:23-27 KJV).

Hence Jesus said to the woman at Jacob’s well, “For Salvation is of the Jews” (John 4:22). It was through Israel that Jesus, the Savior of the world, came.  And so, David offers a prayer from a heart of gratitude.   What God has blessed, nothing can curse.  God keeps His Promises to Israel—and to all Christians who are grafted in by Grace through Faith.

For the LORD had chosen Zion; He has desired it for His habitation. This is My rest forever; here will I dwell; for I have desired it.  I will abundantly bless her provision; I will satisfy her poor with bread.  I will also clothe her Priests with Salvation; and her Saints shall shout aloud for joy.  There will I make the horn of David to bud: I have ordained a lamp for My Anointed.  His enemies will I clothe with shame: but upon Himself shall His crown flourish (Psalm 131:13-18 KJV).